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German alphabet


The German alphabet

A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.K.L.M.N.O.P.Q.R.S.T.U.V.W.X.Y.Z.Ä.Ö.Ü.ß


All the letters are pronounced just like English except: c, g, j, v, w, z and of course ä which is pronounced like the French (é), ö which is pronounced like the French (eu), ü is like the French (u) and ß which is double s (ss)





Letter
Example
Meaning
Letter
Example
Meaning
A
der Arm
arm
P
das Pack
pack
B*
der Ball
ball
Q
die Quelle
source
C
circa
about
R***
das Racket
racket
D*
die Dame
lady
S****
die Sahne
cream
E**
die Ebene
platform
T
die Tür
door
F
der Fall
case
U
die U-Bahn
subway
G*
die Geige
violin
V
das Vieh
cattle
H
der Hafen
harbor
W
das Wasser
water
I
die Idee
idea
X
die X-Beine
knock-knees
J
die Jacke
jacket
Y
die Yacht
yacht
K
Kabel
cable
Z
die Zahl
number
L
die Lampe
lamp
Ä
Ägypten
Egypt
M
die Melone
melone
Ö
das Öl
oil
N
die Nacht
night
Ü
die Übung
exercise
O
die Oper
opera
ß
die Straße
street
*When the letters b/d/g are in at the end of a word they are pronounced as follows: p/t/k
** The ‘’e’’ is pronounced at the end of words.

**** The  letter ‘’r ‘’ is pronounced like the French ‘’r’’ however it is pronounced in the middle or the end of a word like the British ‘’r’’ in the word (number)
*** When the letter ''s'' is followed by vowels it is pronounced: z. If it is sp or st at the beginning of a word it is pronounced like the English ''sh''

Diphthongs (Diphthonge)
Vowel Diphthong
Example
Meaning
ai/ei
Laib/Ei
body/egg
au
Haus
house
äu/eu
Häuser/heute
houses/today
ie
sie
she
ien
Belgien
Belgium


consonants
Example
Meaning
ck
Rock
skirt
ch*
Nacht/Licht
night/light
pf
Apfel
apple
ph
Alphabet
alphabet
qu
Qualität
quality
sch
schön
nice
sp/st
spät/Straße
late/street
th
Theater
theater
ng
Übung
exercise

* When the vowels (a,o,u) come before the German ‘’ch’’ it will be pronounced [x] and after the other vowels it will be pronounced [ç] and when there is the letter s after the ‘’ch’’ it will be pronounced [k] and also at the beginning of some words.



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